Rivers of india, Indian rivers facts

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Hello Dear Examtrix.com followers, In this post we are going to share an important PDF on Indian rivers, map, their origin and their tributaries pdf, which is very useful for each and every competitive exam in India. At this platform we share Indian rivers Handwritten class notes and Indian rivers Free Study material for Competitive exams.

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  1. Download Rivers & Drainage System of India GK Notes in PDf, Important notes on RIVERS OF INDIA, Rivers of India – Geography Study Material & Notes
  2. Important Rivers of India Some facts and information, Short Notes on All the Important Rivers, Drainage System of India, Himalayan, Peninsular Rivers, Indian rivers origin and destination pdf

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Rivers in India have been a lifeline of several civilisations since ages. Every river has a story attached to it. Some are worshipped, considered goddesses and even declared as nature’s wonder.


If we talk about geography, based on their source, Indian rivers are classified as – Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers. The major Himalayan rivers are the Indus river, Ganga river, Yamuna, and the Brahmaputra. The major Peninsular rivers are Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Cauvery.


1. GANGA

Ganga is the most sacred river to Hindus and is worshipped as goddess Ganga. Ironically, it is one of the highest polluted rivers too. Not only humans but a range of water species are also on a threat.


Origin: Gangotri (Himalaya)


Length: 2525Km


Depth: 17 m (56 ft)   (Third Largest River in the world).


Major Cities: Patliputra, Kashi, Allahbad, Varanasi, Kolkata, Badrinath, Haridwar, Kanpur, Patna, Farrukhabad, Fatehgarh, Kannauj, Chakeri.


It had also created the World’s Largest DELTA in West Bengal – Sundarban Delta.


Major Tributaries : Gomti, Ghaghra, Tamsa, Yamuna, Koshi. Merges into : Bay of Bengal.


2. INDUS RIVER

This gave rise to the largest ancient human civilisations, Indus valley civilisation and holds a great historical value.


Also, word India has been derived from Indus.


India is a Greek and Latin term for the country of the river Indus.


Origin: Tibetan Plateau


Flows through: The Ladakh


Length: 3180 Km


Major Cities: Leh, Sukur, Hyderabad (Pakistan)


Major Tributaries: Balram river, Beas, Chenab, Dras, Gilgit, Jhelum, Ravi, Satluj


Merges into: Arabian Sea


Pakistan has 93 per cent, India has five per cent, and China has two per cent share of this river.


Also known as the Sindhu river.


3. YAMUNA

also known as Jamuna


Origin: Yamunotri Glaciers (Himalaya)


70% of water to Delhi from the Yamuna.


Tajmahal is situated on the banks of it.


Major Cities : Etawah (UP), Auraiya (UP), Mathura, New Delhi.


States Covered: Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi


Major Tributaries: Hanuman Ganga, Sharda, Chambal


Merges into: Ganga, Allahabad (It is the longest river in India which does not directly flow to the sea).


4. BRAHMAPUTRA

Also called as Tsangpo-Brahmaputra


Origin: Angsi Glacier (Tibet)


Entered from: Arunachal Pradesh to Assam.


Distance Covered: 2900 Km.


Major Cities : Dibrugarh (Assam), Guwahati.


Another name : Jamuna (Bengali), Tsangpo (Tibet), Pinyin or Yarlung Zangbo (China).


Merges into: Padma river of Bangladesh.

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