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Rivers in India have been a lifeline of several civilisations since ages. Every river has a story attached to it. Some are worshipped, considered goddesses and even declared as nature’s wonder.
If we talk about geography, based on their source, Indian rivers are classified as – Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers. The major Himalayan rivers are the Indus river, Ganga river, Yamuna, and the Brahmaputra. The major Peninsular rivers are Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Cauvery.
Ganga is the most sacred river to Hindus and is worshipped as goddess Ganga. Ironically, it is one of the highest polluted rivers too. Not only humans but a range of water species are also on a threat.
Origin: Gangotri (Himalaya)
Depth: 17 m (56 ft) (Third Largest River in the world).
Major Cities: Patliputra, Kashi, Allahbad, Varanasi, Kolkata, Badrinath, Haridwar, Kanpur, Patna, Farrukhabad, Fatehgarh, Kannauj, Chakeri.
It had also created the World’s Largest DELTA in West Bengal – Sundarban Delta.
Major Tributaries : Gomti, Ghaghra, Tamsa, Yamuna, Koshi. Merges into : Bay of Bengal.
2. INDUS RIVER
This gave rise to the largest ancient human civilisations, Indus valley civilisation and holds a great historical value.
Also, word India has been derived from Indus.
India is a Greek and Latin term for the country of the river Indus.
Origin: Tibetan Plateau
Flows through: The Ladakh
Length: 3180 Km
Major Cities: Leh, Sukur, Hyderabad (Pakistan)
Major Tributaries: Balram river, Beas, Chenab, Dras, Gilgit, Jhelum, Ravi, Satluj
Merges into: Arabian Sea
Pakistan has 93 per cent, India has five per cent, and China has two per cent share of this river.
Also known as the Sindhu river.
also known as Jamuna
Origin: Yamunotri Glaciers (Himalaya)
70% of water to Delhi from the Yamuna.
Tajmahal is situated on the banks of it.
Major Cities : Etawah (UP), Auraiya (UP), Mathura, New Delhi.
States Covered: Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Delhi
Major Tributaries: Hanuman Ganga, Sharda, Chambal
Merges into: Ganga, Allahabad (It is the longest river in India which does not directly flow to the sea).
Also called as Tsangpo-Brahmaputra
Origin: Angsi Glacier (Tibet)
Entered from: Arunachal Pradesh to Assam.
Distance Covered: 2900 Km.
Major Cities : Dibrugarh (Assam), Guwahati.
Another name : Jamuna (Bengali), Tsangpo (Tibet), Pinyin or Yarlung Zangbo (China).
Merges into: Padma river of Bangladesh.